Rudolf Steiner (1869-1925) was a philosopher and social reformer and founder of Steiner-Waldorf education. This educational movement was first set up for the children of workers at the Waldorf-Astoria cigarette factory in Stuttgart, Germany in 1919, as the city’s first co-educational school and it soon became its largest with over a thousand pupils before the end of Steiner’s lifetime. He wanted the children to be taught using principles he had researched on child development, which focused on the whole child: head, heart and hands.